Plants

 

Camellia Sinensis

This is the only plant in the world that can produce tea.  It is a hardy evergreen that produces glossy green leaves. In the autumn it can produce delicate white fragrant flowers.

This plant has two main varieties, camellia sinensis var sinensis, and camellia sinensis var assamica. The Sinensis variety is mainly grown in China, the world's first producer of tea, and the Assamica variety is mainly grown in India. Varietals of the plant have been distributed around the world in order to grow tea. 

The plant loves to live in a bright area, with partial shade, and is very particular on having well-draining soil. To make each variety of tea it depends on production of the camellia sinensis.

Spearmint

Cousin to peppermint, spearmint is a beautiful, refreshingly sweet plant. There are two varieties of spearmint - native and Scotch. The Scotch variety has a sweeter finish, and is the main variety used for consumption.

It is a hardy plant and its ideal growing conditions would be rich, well-draining soil, with partial sun. The plant is harvested by a commercial mow about twice a year. The leaves are then dried and packed. 

Chamomile

This daisy like plant has been commonly used for herbal infusions and traditional medicines. There are two varieties of this plant, German and Roman Chamomile. Grows best in cool conditions, and favours partial shade, like most herbs it does not need to be overly tended to. It is a strong plant that can handle droughts, and would only need to watered every so often. Chamomile is a great addition to a home-grown tea garden. 

Bergamot

Bergamot is a citrus tree, that is most well known for making Earl Grey Tea. The oils from the citrus are infused with black tea. The tree is typically grown in tropical climates, and has a citrus the size of an orange or lemon. This tree is particular about its environment, it loves full sun, warm evenings, and fairly moist soil.  Nearly 100 bergamot oranges make 3 ounces of essential oil, making it a true labour of love.